Bioidentical Hormones for Optimal Healthspan

Author: Ivy Garza, PharmD, RPh

Bioidentical Hormones for Optimal Healthspan

Being healthy and feeling your best can allow you to live your best life, to go for your dreams and be happy! It goes without saying that your health is everything.

Healthspan is the protection from adverse effects of aging, attaining improved cellular vitality and quality of life. You want to do everything you can to extend your healthspan to stay free of disease and live an active life into your later years.

There are many aspects to increasing your healthspan, including the following:

  • Eating healthy
  • Staying hydrated
  • Exercising and staying active
  • Getting sound sleep
  • Managing stress

Optimal Hormone Status for Improved Healthspan

Did you know that optimal hormone levels are also key to your healthspan? Hormones are the body’s chemical messengers that coordinate different functions by carrying messages through your bloodstream to your organs, skin, muscles and other tissues. Hormones basically tell your body what to do. They are essential to life. Without hormones, you could not live. (1)

Hormones affect many different processes, including growth and development, metabolism,  sexual function, reproduction, and mood. When your glands do not produce the right amount of hormones, a deficiency and imbalance occurs and this can result in disease. The age-related decline in hormones produces many of the diseases associated with midlife. (1)

Let’s discuss a few of our favorite hormones that contribute to good health.


Progesterone is a steroid hormone that is produced in women by the adrenal cortex and the ovaries. Progesterone is a derivative of cholesterol and has numerous functions in the human body, especially within the reproductive system. The main function of progesterone is to prepare the lining of the uterus for pregnancy.

Progesterone in women is helpful for:

  • Relieving PMS symptoms
  • Regulating the menstrual cycle
  • Fertility/pregnancy
  • Anxiety
  • Depressed moods
  • Postpartum depression
  • Bloating
  • Breast tenderness
  • Sound sleep
  • Fluid retention/weight gain
  • Relieving migraines/headaches
  • Bone health
  • Promoting optimal thyroid function


Estrogen is a group of steroid hormones associated with the female reproductive organs and is  responsible for developing female sexual characteristics. The three types of estrogen are estradiol, estrone, and estriol. A woman’s ovaries make most of the estrogen hormones, although the adrenal glands and fat cells also make small amounts, too.

Estrogen is beneficial for:

  • Regulating the menstrual cycle
  • Menopause symptoms
  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Vaginal dryness, atrophy and thinning
  • Mood swings
  • Memory and concentration
  • Bone health
  • Heart health
  • Depression
  • Sleep
  • Libido
  • Skin health/elasticity


Testosterone is a steroid hormone that stimulates development of male secondary sexual characteristics and is produced mainly in the testes.

Benefits of Optimal Levels of Testosterone in Men

  • Increases energy
  • Improves muscle mass, strength and tone
  • Increases stamina and endurance.
  • Protects the heart and arteries, decreases risk of heart disease, and lowers blood pressure
  • Helps maintain a healthy metabolism and improve energy
  • Improves libido and sexual ability
  • Improves mental sharpness
  • Enhances cognitive function and memory
  • Helps build strong bones
  • Increases sense of well-being and self-confidence
  • Improves moods
  • Relieves anxiety and depression
  • Decreases body fat around the waist
  • Improves sleep and sleep apnea
  • Improves initiative, assertiveness, decisiveness and drive

Benefits of Testosterone in Women

Women actually make testosterone, too, in their ovaries and adrenal glands.

Testosterone in women is beneficial for:

  • Improving libido
  • Bone density
  • Muscle mass
  • Cognitive function
  • Mood
  • Sexual function
  • Energy


When you are experiencing the symptoms of hormone decline, the solution is to restore those hormones with the very ones you are missing. Bioidentical hormones are identical in molecular structure to the hormones produced by your body. Your body recognizes them and knows what to do with them.

Beware of what we call “counterfeit” hormone therapy, which includes Premarin, Prempro and Provera, among many others. These compounds are not identical to the hormones made by your body and have many negative side effects and dangerous health consequences.

Premarin, which is prescribed for women in menopause, is a perfect example. Premarin, which is derived from pregnant mare urine, contains numerous horse estrogens that are not found in humans. Birth control pills contain progestins, which are very different from progesterone.  Provera contains medroxyprogesterone (progestins), again, not progesterone.  Counterfeit hormones have been shown to have numerous negative side effects, including increased risk of blood clots, stroke and heart disease, as well as breast cancer.

The Women’s Health Initiative studied 27,347 postmenopausal women, age 50–79 years. The women were given conjugated equine estrogens (Premarin) with medroxyprogesterone acetate (progestin or Provera) for women with an intact uterus, and Premarin alone for women with hysterectomy, or their placebos. The main outcomes were coronary heart disease and invasive breast cancer, respectively, as well as stroke, pulmonary embolism, colorectal cancer, endometrial cancer, hip fracture, and deaths. (2)

We Are Here to Help.

As you can see, having optimal hormone levels can help your body function at its best. It is important for your healthspan to ensure that you are not deficient in any of your hormones.

Bioidentical hormones do require a prescription from your provider. Call our pharmacists today with any questions about your prescription needs at 281-828-9088. It will be our privilege to serve you!


  1. Point/Counterpoint: The Case for Bioidentical Hormones
  2. The Women’s Health Initiative Hormone Therapy Trials: Update and Overview of Health Outcomes During the Intervention and Post-Stopping Phases